La OCDE y la economía colaborativa

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En el marco del estudio e investigación que el fenómeno de la economía colaborativa y todas sus vertientes está generando a nivel mundial, los próximos días 21 a 23 de este mes tendrá lugar en Cancún en el marco de la OCDE una reunión ministerial sobre  economía digital e innovación, en la que el objeto central del debate será la economía colaborativa como fenómeno global.

En relación con dicha reunión resulta interesante el post publicado hoy en la propia web de la OCDE de Antonio Maudes, Maria Sobrino y  Pedro Hinojo, de la CNMC, en el que se resumen tanto las iniciativas como la posición de la propia CNMC en relación con la economía colaborativa.

 

Os destaco aquí (en inglés), las ventajas de la economía colaborativa identificadas por la CNMC a las que hacen referencia los autores en el post (derivadas de trabajos y documentos previos, a los que también nos hemos referido en el blog).

“This “permissionless” innovation can foster competition by challenging the status quo in some sectors traditionally shielded from competition. The absence of competitive pressure was in many cases provoked by inefficient regulations which made entry more difficult (if not virtually impossible), as well as market failures such as information asymmetry. Paradoxically, new business models overcome technological obstacles while responding to these market failures more efficiently than traditional incumbents (for instance, through online reviews and reputation mechanisms), question the rationale for distortive regulation.

Other benefits of the sharing economy can be felt beyond the scope of competition:

Economic development, fostered by the innovative and technological dimension of these new business models.
Environmental sustainability, as the circular economy emphasizes access and service provision rather than at ownership and goods production. Indeed, one of the reasons behind the thriving of the sharing economy, apart from the technological and social transformations already mentioned, is increasing environmental awareness.
Redistribution of resources towards low-middle income citizens, which can monetise some illiquid under-utilised assets (in order to smooth their consumption over the cycle) while accessing some goods and services at lower prices.
Better contribution than traditional business models to other general goals, like consumer protection or tax compliance, due to the electronic tracking of transactions and, consequently, greater transparency.”

 

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